Afroz Khan is pursuing his Ph.D. in Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. He is a Research Assistant in a Project at Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (MP-IDSA), New Delhi.


The manifestos are unlikely to sway public sentiments in favour of any of the parties contesting the elections. If one goes by their past performances, it appears that the political parties in Pakistan have not delivered on their commitments in the past. Despite holding power at both federal and provincial levels, they have failed to improve the living conditions of the common people. This explains the apathy of the people towards politics in general and elections in particular.